Renewable energy makes up about 90% of Kenya’s power mix, with geothermal at 49%, followed by hydro at 40%.3 This is expected to rise to 100% by 2030 with plans to increase geothermal by 123% from the current 860 MW to 1925 MW by 2030.4 Increasing a decarbonised and affordable electricity mix will be key to meet electricity demand on a sustainable path and reduce reliance on gas fuel for non-electric cooking as prioritised by the country.
While Kenya is well positioned to soon reach a fully decarbonised power mix, this is likely to change should the planned coal capacity be implemented.5,6 Its only proposed coal plant experienced massive opposition and a court case stopped its further development.7 Development of the coal plant will jeopardise plans of achieving 100% renewable power by 2030, face the risk of high-cost stranded assets and be locked-in in a carbon intensive pathway.
Key power sector benchmarks
Renewables shares and year of zero emissions power Including the use of BECCS
- 2025 98 to 100% Renewable share
- 2025-2030 Zero emissions power
- 2030 100 % Renewable share