Submitted in 2015, Ghana’s first NDC committed to a conditional target of reducing emissions by 45% relative to business as usual (BAU) emission levels in 2030.
Excluding LULUCF, this translates to an emissions increase of up to zero to 14% above 2015 levels (or 30-35 MtCO₂e/yr) by 2030. The country is yet to update these commitments.
With international support, Ghana will be able to implement its domestic emissions pathway and close the gap between its fair share level and domestic emissions level. Paris compatible pathways show emissions levels of 22-29 MtCO₂e/yr by 2030 or a reduction of 4-26% below 2010 levels by 2030, excluding LULUCF emissions.
To date, Ghana has not articulated a long-term or net zero strategy.
Long-term 1.5°C compatible pathways indicate that Ghana would need to reduce its GHG emissions to 15-21 MtCO₂e/yr by 2050, which is equivalent to a 30-51% reduction in emissions compared to 2015, excluding LULUCF emissions.
On the road towards net zero, Ghana will need to balance its remaining positive emissions through the development of carbon dioxide removal approaches. Given the high level of LULUCF emissions in Ghana, this will mean reducing its land sector emissions to further contribute to negative emissions.