The largest share of emissions came from the energy sector in 2018 (70% of emissions altogether) – with the transport (29% of total GHG emissions) being the largest contributor, followed by industry (21% accounting for both energy and processes) and buildings (18%). Agriculture accounts for 16% of total GHG emissions in 2018. France’s power sector is relatively low emitting (9% of its total) due to its high share of nuclear power generation.
In 2018, almost half (45%) of agricultural emissions were methane resulting from enteric fermentation, followed by nitrous oxide emissions from cultivated soils.
France’s policies are not sufficient to meet its economy wide target of 40% below 1990 level, which itself should be enhanced to at least align with the EU’s updated NDC or its fair share of the 1.5°C goal. The country did not meet its first carbon budget for the period 2015-2018, exceeding it by 65 MtCO₂e cumulatively.
Its revised National Carbon Strategy reduced the ambition of the second carbon budget covering the period 2019-2023., This means that the country will need to accelerate its emissions reductions to reduce by 3% per year from 2021 to 2023 and by 3.3% per year during the third carbon budget to make up this delay and achieve the needed emissions reductions. In addition, France was ordered by court to compensate 15 MtCO₂e for budget overshoot.