The main contributor to Ecuador’s total emissions is the energy sector, accounting for 69% of total emissions in 2019. The transport sector is responsible for the majority (34%) of the energy sector emissions, due to the overwhelming reliance of Ecuador’s transport sector on oil-based fuels. Both the power and industrial sectors also still use a high proportion of fuel-oil and natural gas for energy. Emissions in the agricultural sector, which account for 19% of total emissions, stem mainly from agricultural soils and livestock enteric fermentation. Ecuador’s economy is mostly based on exports of shrimps, bananas and petroleum products.
It is worth noting that LULUCF emissions play a major role in Ecuador’s overall carbon footprint, which we do not consider here. In its 2016 national GHG inventory report, Ecuador reported that around half of its CO₂ emissions came from the LULUCF sector. The other half came mostly from the energy sector, largely driven by the transformation of forests into agricultural lands. Due to its wide forest surface (around half of its territory), Ecuador’s forests have a potential to be a significant carbon sink. However, due to high deforestation rates (between 2001 and 2020 Ecuador lost 871 kha of tree cover), this is currently not the case.,